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History Of Legal Gambling In Canada
First Gambling Laws In Canada
Modern-Day Laws Governing Online Gambling In Canada
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Canadian Gambling Laws: An Overview

Navigating the complexities of Canadian gambling regulations, this overview highlights key legal aspects, provincial variations, and implications for both players and operators

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calendarTuesday, 19 March 2024eyes382
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Step into any of Canada’s casinos, place a bet at one of the country’s horse racing tracks, buy a lottery ticket at the corner store, or log on to an online betting site, and it’s clear — Canadians love to gamble! Gambling is a multi-billion dollar industry across Canada today. But it wasn’t always like this. 

For nearly a little bit less than 100 years, gambling was outright illegal in Canada. Can you imagine not being able to enjoy the bright lights and excitement of a casino, the thrill of betting on your favorite horse, or dreaming about winning it big in the lottery? For generations of Canadians, gambling remained forbidden and not as popular as it is today. Let’s take a trip through this fascinating history in the Great White North.

History Of Legal Gambling In Canada

For decades, gambling was seen as taboo in Canada, considered forbidden. Strict laws made casinos, betting, and lottery tickets completely off limits. It seems crazy today, but that was reality for decades.

This Puritan prohibition on gambling finally crushed in the 1960s. With glittering Las Vegas-style casinos booming south of the border in America, Canadian officials wanted in on the action. The government gave the green light for provinces to begin operating lotteries in 1969. While not Vegas-style gaming, lottery revenue poured into local coffers and did really well. Because of that, the local infrastructure of the provinces developed rapidly.

First Gambling Laws In Canada

Once lotteries were allowed, other forms of gaming quickly followed. Charity casinos became popular first, giving groups like veterans clubs an opportunity to raise money. While small-scale compared to today’s casino palaces, they pointed the way. One English proverb says:

The best throw of the dice is to throw them away. 

But it was too late to throw the dice away in case of gambling in Canada.  Soon enough, major resort casinos started popping up, especially in big cities.

With so much new, provincial governments had to create oversight agencies and regulations around licensing and operations. It was the Wild West early on, but much more structure soon emerged. Of course, wherever there’s activity, controversy is sure to follow. But gaming’s popularity made it an unstoppable force in Canada. By the way, you can find more interesting and entertaining facts about Canadian History of Gambling in our recent blog post.

Modern-Day Laws Governing Online Gambling In Canada

From the 1990s onward, as the gambling industry embraced the internet, the question of whether an online casino is legal in Canada became significant. Provinces updated regulations to license and tax online gaming operations, ensuring a secure, regulated environment for digital betting.

While illegal offshore sites still exist, Canadians today have lots of secure, regulated options for digital betting. Mobile technology has taken it even further. Tablet and smartphone apps make gambling available anywhere, anytime – a revolution from the rigid prohibition of earlier eras. The future promises to bring even more innovative wagering tech and accessibility.

Who Governs The Canadian Gaming Industry?

Ever wondered who makes sure gambling in Canada stays fair and safe? It’s not just one big rulebook for the whole country. Instead, each province and territory gets to make its own rules, kind of like how each chef in a restaurant might have their own special dish. This means games can look a bit different depending on where you are in Canada.

Let’s zoom in on the folks who keep things in check. Imagine groups like the Alcohol and Gaming Commission of Ontario and the British Columbia Lottery Corporation as the referees of the gambling world. They’re there to make sure everyone plays fair, whether it’s in a bustling casino in Ontario or a cozy bingo hall in British Columbia.

These organizations do a lot more than just watch over the games. They’re like the behind-the-scenes heroes, making sure that gambling businesses stick to the rules, are super clear about the odds, and help to keep fun and safe for everyone. They also put a big focus on making sure that adults can enjoy responsibly, without it becoming a problem.

Gambling Laws In Canadian Provinces

Did you know that gambling laws in Canada are as varied as their landscapes?
The general thing that is worth to note: offshore online casinos are not prohibited in Canada, excluding Ontario, the province with the most strict regulations. But in detail, from the eastern shores of Nova Scotia to the rugged mountains of British Columbia, each province and territory has its own set of rules for the game.

This diversity means that whether you’re looking to spin slots, bet on horses, or buy a lottery ticket, the experience can change quite a bit from one place to another. Let’s take a quick trip across Canada to see how each region deals with the world of gambling, shining a light on the local flavors of gaming laws.


Alberta is a playground for gamblers, offering a vibrant mix of casinos, race tracks, and more. The Alberta Gaming, Liquor and Cannabis (AGLC) Commission is the guardian of this playground, ensuring everything runs smoothly and fairly.

  • Who’s in Charge? The AGLC oversees all activities.
  • What’s Available? Casinos, race tracks, bingo halls, lotteries.
  • Special Highlights: Slot machines, table games, and pari-mutuel horse race betting are big hits.

In Alberta, you’re never far from the excitement of the game, whether it’s the thrill of the race or the allure of the casino floor. It’s all about variety and responsible fun.

British Columbia

British Columbia’s gambling scene is as expansive as its landscapes. From the excitement of land-based casinos to the convenience of online betting, the British Columbia Lottery Corporation (BCLC) makes sure that the process is both enjoyable and conducted responsibly.

  • Who’s in Charge? The BCLC takes the lead.
  • What’s Available? A wide range, including casinos, lotteries, bingo, horse racing, and sports betting.
  • Special Highlights: Off-track horse race betting through Teletheatres BC adds to the thrill.

BC’s approach is comprehensive, offering something for every type of player while prioritizing community benefits and player safety.

Yukon Territory

The Yukon may have a smaller population, but its approach is mighty. The Yukon Lottery Commission keeps a close watch, ensuring that the fun gives back to the community.

  • Who’s in Charge? The Yukon Lottery Commission.
  • What’s Available? Lotteries and betting options.
  • Special Highlights: Revenues from gambling go directly into government programs, enhancing local communities.

Gambling in the Yukon is all about enjoying responsibly while supporting local initiatives and programs.


Saskatchewan offers a cozy but regulated environment, focusing on quality over quantity. The Saskatchewan Liquor and Gaming Authority (SLGA) ensures a fair and safe experience for all.

  • Who’s in Charge? The SLGA regulates and operates the scene.
  • What’s Available? Casinos with slots and table games, though online gambling and parimutuel betting wasn’t ever permitted there.  
  • Special Highlights: A more intimate experience, prioritizing responsible gaming.

While the options might be more limited, Saskatchewan provides a safe and controlled gambling environment, ensuring the well-being of its players.


Manitoba blends traditional and modern gambling under the watchful eye of the Manitoba Liquor & Lotteries. This province offers a balanced mix, though with clear lines around legality and responsibility.

  • Who’s in Charge? Manitoba Liquor & Lotteries.
  • What’s Available? Casinos, horse racing facilities, and off-track betting.
  • Special Highlights: Land-based betting is regulated, online betting and online casinos not regulated with laws.

Manitoba’s approach is all about offering a range of gambling activities while sticking strictly to the rules for a safe betting environment.

New Brunswick

New Brunswick is a gambler’s haven, offering a rich palette of activities. The New Brunswick Lotteries and Gaming Corporation ensures that this variety is enjoyed responsibly and legally.

  • Who’s in Charge? The New Brunswick Lotteries and Gaming Corporation.
  • What’s Available? Everything from land-based to video lotteries and horse racing.
  • Special Highlights: A full gambling experience, catering to all tastes and preferences.

In New Brunswick, players can enjoy a wide array of activities, all under a framework that emphasizes safety and community benefit.


Quebec stands out with its vibrant gambling culture, overseen by Loto-Québec. This province offers a wide array of legal options, ensuring that the fun is always front and center but never at the expense of responsibility.

  • Who’s in Charge? Loto-Québec.
  • What’s Available? Casinos, lotteries, sports betting, and horse race betting.
  • Special Highlights: The PlayNow platform and PMU network for off-track betting parlors are key attractions.

Quebec’s scene of games is dynamic and diverse, offering everything from high-stakes casino floors to casual online bets, all within a well-regulated environment.

Prince Edward Island

PEI might be small, but its gambling scene packs a punch. The province offers a mix of traditional and online options, all under the careful supervision of the Prince Edward Island Lotteries Commission.

  • Who’s in Charge? The Prince Edward Island Lotteries Commission.
  • What’s Available? Land-based casino action in Charlottetown.
  • Special Highlights: Poker is available to island residents.

PEI’s approach is about offering modern and traditional experiences, ensuring everyone can find their favorite way to play.

Newfoundland And Labrador

In Newfoundland and Labrador, the gambling scene is diverse and well-regulated. The Newfoundland Labrador Liquor Corporation (NLC) ensures that everything is safe and fair.

  • Who’s in Charge? The NLC.
  • What’s Available? Video lottery terminals, casinos, lotteries.
  • Special Highlights: A comprehensive experience that caters to all types of players.

This province offers a rich gambling landscape, ensuring that there’s something for everyone, all within a framework of strict regulation and responsibility.

Northwest Territories

The Northwest Territories offer a more focused experience, with the Lottery Commission at the helm. While the options might be fewer, the commitment to responsible and community-focused gambling is strong.

  • Who’s in Charge? The Northwest Territories Lottery Commission.
  • What’s Available? Lottery tickets, pull tabs, and sports pools.
  • Special Highlights: A streamlined offering, with a focus on community benefits and responsible play.

Gambling in the Northwest Territories is about enjoying the games we love while supporting local initiatives and ensuring a safe environment for players.

Nova Scotia

Nova Scotia provides a comprehensive landscape, with the provincial government overseeing a wide range of activities. From casinos to online betting, everything is regulated to ensure fairness and safety.

  • Who’s in Charge? The Alcohol and Gaming Division.
  • What’s Available? A full suite, including land-based casinos, sports betting, horse racing, and lotteries.
  • Special Highlights: The Atlantic Lottery Corporation adds to the excitement with provincial lottery games.

In Nova Scotia, gambling is a well-rounded experience, offering something for everyone under strict regulations that prioritize player welfare.


Ontario, Canada’s gambling powerhouse, offers the country’s largest and most diverse market. The Alcohol and Gaming Commission of Ontario (AGCO) ensures that this vast array of options is regulated to the highest standards.

  • Who’s in Charge? The AGCO, with the Ontario Lottery and Gaming Corporation as a major operator.
  • What’s Available? An extensive selection, including casinos, lotteries, online casinos, horse racing, and charitable gaming.
  • Special Highlights: Ontario’s market caters to every type of gambler, with a strong emphasis on responsible and legal play.

Ontario’s gambling scene is unparalleled, offering endless opportunities for entertainment and excitement, all within a framework of strict oversight and commitment to player safety.

Responsible Gaming Resources For Canadians

In Canada, the thrill of gambling is all about having a good time in a safe and controlled environment. It’s like a big party where everyone knows their limits and when it’s time to head home. Every province from coast to coast has its own way of making sure this party stays fun, offering a helping hand to those who might find themselves playing more than they intended. These helping hands come in various forms, from helplines and websites to self-exclusion programs where you can decide to take a break from gambling for a while.

In Canada, gaming sites usually partner with a Responsible Gaming organization like GameSense, PlaySmart, Gamblers Anonymous, GamCare, GamblingTherapy or ResponsibleGambling

But it’s not just a local effort — at the national level, the Canadian Centre on Substance Use and Addiction steps in with resources aimed at promoting low-risk gambling. They’re like the wise friend who knows a lot about staying safe and is always there to share that wisdom. Together, these resources form a network of support, ensuring that gambling remains a source of entertainment, not stress. 

The idea is simple: keep gambling enjoyable, and know that there's a whole community ready to support you if you need it. 

How To Avoid Illegal Casinos

Navigating the world of gambling in Canada means steering clear of the rough waters of illegal casinos and online sites. Think of the landscape as a map — there are well-lit streets and shady alleys. Sticking to the well-lit parts, where everything is licensed and regulated, ensures that your playing journey is both safe and enjoyable. Every province has its own list of approved and licensed gambling sites, like a seal of approval from a trusted authority. Checking for this license is like checking the weather before heading out — it’s a simple step that can save a lot of trouble.

But why does it matter? Because certified online casinos play by the rules: they ensure fair play, protect your personal information, and promote responsible practices. They’re the good guys in the gambling world, offering a secure place to enjoy your favorite games without worry. In contrast, unlicensed sites are the wild cards, often skirting the edges of legality and potentially putting you at risk. By choosing to play only at recognized and regulated sites, you’re not just engaging with any online platform; you’re ensuring you’re participating in a legal online casino Canada, which adheres to the highest standards of player protection and fair play.